Early History of Tolaki Tribes
Based on the establishment of the royal chronicle BC, it is no wonder that many people believe that is the Kingdom of Prehistoric Oldest Padangguni in Indonesia, there are earlier than the Kutai kingdom which appeared in the 4th century.
Herald-Indonesia, should never forget history. That is one of the first President’s speech topics Republic of Indonesia, Ir. Soekarno very popoler and still be a political reference to the government and people of today, the red coat! History has always been a legend that will affect the lives of real people, but also the journey of life of a nation. No single nation or country in the world is sterile from the story of the past history of the nation or country. Heroism on display generations past will be reflected in every movement of life future generations. “My ancestors sailor man …” a phrase the children singing a reflection of the greatness and superiority of Indonesia in the past, which is inherited affects the majority of people throughout the history of life on the coast of the Indonesian archipelago today. Great nation born of a greater national history.
How important it is to know and understand the history of the nation. So searching, researching, and exploring the living traces of our ancestors with all forms of life and the structure of society is a task that must be carried out by the history of the present and future generations. Concern us about the history and culture of the ancestors will enrich the culture in the country which in turn could potentially be one of the historical tourist destination. By knowing the history of nations, we must realize that this ever born in Indonesia over 1000 pieces of the kingdom, a fantastic figure that will never be encountered in other parts of the world. From research kesejarahaan traditional societies in the archipelago, we can also find that traditional governance that upholds the existence of the rule of law should the law in the days now, has existed since time immemorial. One is Kalo Sara Customary Law in the ancient kingdom, the Kingdom Padangguni.
The oldest kingdoms in Indonesia
Padangguni kingdom is a small kingdom in the region Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi. The people of this kingdom from an ancient tribe Tolaki to this day still exist with maintaining ancient traditions inherited by generations of their ancestors. Ancient tribal communities Tolaki prehistoric past it developed into a kingdom founded by King Larumbesi Tanggolowuta I in the 2nd century AD. In the book mentioned that the kingdom Padangguni Bunduwula formerly called Owuta Fasting means Land of Heritage or Ancestral Land. Based on the founding era kerjaaan BC, it is no wonder that many people believe that is the Kingdom of Prehistoric Oldest Padangguni in Indonesia, Kutai kingdom earlier than appearing in the 4th century.
Tolaki ancient tribal societies in the Kingdom Padangguni at the time before the arrival of Hindu-Buddhist religion of belief animism, dynamism, and Totenisme. Then at the beginning of the XIV century they switched beliefs embraced Hinduism. Therefore the symbol of Lord Shiva is used as a symbol of Kalo Sara local customary law to resolve the various issues that arise in the community. For those who do not obey and disobey Sara If customary law is believed to be getting a curse.
Hindu-Buddhist society held at the same time it’s not exactly the Hindu religion that developed in India. This is because it adapted to public confidence that acculturation occurs in the form of Hindu-Buddhist religion. The development of public trust Padangguni royal look of the structure of government since the days of Hindu s / d XIX century. The style of government influenced by Hindu-Buddhist acculturation further acculturated again with Islamic culture coming from Goa-Tallo kingdom in South Sulawesi. Recent phenomenon, namely the removal of the King of Kings Bunduwula Padangguni XII are given the title of Sultan made an adjustment on account of Islamic culture. In the language Tolaki, the kingdom led by a king or Mokole and his descendants were called Anakia (male) and Anawai (female), while the Sultanate according to the Arabic terminology is the same as the kingdom ruled by a Sultan.
Some of the historical record and the evidence remaining in the form of written culture and heritage, including books containing about travel Tolaki tribe, genealogy of kings, and other events. Ilagaligo Book is a book that came from the kingdom of Goa-Tallo that explains the origin of the King Bunduwula I. Book Tolaki Taenango ancient tribe that includes the origins of human events and provides advice, life, and travel history Tolaki tribal life is told in verse. The book is usually read by sung during religious ceremonies and marriage ceremonies. Book Bunduwula sangia Wonua Sorume explain the origin of the formation of the kingdom Padangguni.
If Sara Customary Law
In the field of culture, there is a culture of Kalo Sara Customary Law that guide members of the public behave Tolaki ancient to the current generation. Those who do not comply with customary law is believed to be getting a curse. Also, it can be seen staging Ulo sacred dance culture. This dance is usually used to worship the gods and ancestors and parents or deceased kings. In addition, people in the kingdom Tolaki traditional Padangguni still mastering the science of meteorology and geophysics (Matanggawe), computation time (Bilangari), and the art of building.
In the book and the book Taenango Bunduwula clarify the organizational structure Padangguni royal government as the center of the kingdom. Kingdom of Padangguni oversees the areas ruled by a Mokole or King, Inowa, Inowa Owa, Wonua, Napo and Kambo. These areas become members of the royal government fellowship Padangguni are generally still a relative or close family Bunduwula king who ruled in the area / autonomous regions. King Bunduwula ruled on behalf of those areas with Mokole-mokole/Raja, Inowa, Inowa gibbons. When King Padangguni acting out, he was the plenipotentiary representatives of the people, whereas if he acts into a symbol that deified ancestors.
Heir Mokole Bunduwula
Source of historical information Padangguni royal Ilagaligo notes in the book, the Book and the Book Bunduwula Taenago philosophy, there was no record of the transition Dynasty King Larumbesi Tanggolowuta I in the 2nd century AD to the dynasty Bunduwula I Mokole the 16th century, sangia Wonua Sorume Mokole Padangguni Inea Sinumo Wuta Mbinosito (Special Region) Totongano Wonua (King Center State) Lembui Lenggobaho (Southeast Sulawesi) in 1574-1649. His administration was continued by King Bunduwula II named Welimondi (1649-1715) with a degree Anawai NDO Padangguni II (queen). The next consecutive King named Maranai Padangguni III (1715-1745) with a degree Mokole Bunduwula III Inea Sinumo Wutoa Mbinotiso. King Padangguni IV named Wesande with NDO Anawai degree Padangguni IV Inea Sinumo Wuta Mbinotiso Bunduwula IV (1745-1775). King Padangguni V named Dahoro with Bunduwula degree V Inea Sinumo Wuta Mbinotiso (1775-1815). Then King Padangguni VI named LAO with title VI Mokole Bunduwula Inea Sinumo Wuta Mbinotiso (1815-1845). The king named Danda Padangguni VII given degree Mokole Bunduwula VII Inea Sinumo Wuta Mbinotiso (1845-1875). King Padangguni VIII with a degree Mokole named Labandonga Bunduwula VIII Inea Sinumo Wuta Mbinotiso (1845-1905), King Padangguni Title IX named Sandima with Mokole Bunduwula IX Inea Sinumo Wuta Mbinotiso (1905-1935). King Padangguni X named Beangga the degree Mokole Bunduwula X Inea Sinumo Wuta Mbinotiso (1935-1959). Furthermore Padangguni King XI named Tariambo son of King Sandima the degree Mokole Bunduwula XI Inea Sinumo Wuta Mbinotiso (1959-1978).
The chaos caused by the rebellion DI / Permesta decades ago has influenced the transition of leadership in the Kingdom Padangguni. In fact, the royal palace was destroyed by a mob burned because of the royal security firm pro-Government Affairs. However, history has not ended. Holders of the leadership reins last Padangguni kingdom, King Padangguni XI, Mokole Tariambo then entrusted to his nephew Crown Royal Padangguni Bunduwula Joseph with the mandate in order later handed over to the Crown Prince of the Kingdom of Padangguni Riambo Abdul Aziz. Crowning Abdul Azis Riambo the title Sultan Anakia Mokole Bunduwula XII Inea Sinumo Wuta Mbinotiso was held in the presence of indigenous peoples Tolaki Padangguni Empire on June 20, 2001. King Bunduwula XII, task history has placed on the shoulders of Her Majesty. Indigenous peoples in the Kingdom awaits word and command Padangguni Majesty the King. (WL)